Dermatology is the specialty that focuses on diseases of the skin, mucous membranes (mouth and genitals), nails, and hair. The field also includes the prevention and treatment of skin cancers and sexually transmitted diseases. Here are a few things to understand before seeing a Dermatologist in Lehigh Valley PA.
Understanding your skin
Remember that the skin consists of three superimposed layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. All three play several fundamental roles:
- Provides protection
- Allows for thermal regulation
- Provides a certain degree of immunity
When to see a dermatologist
Many diseases are covered within dermatology. These include:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Excessive scabbing
- Actinic keratoses
- Hair loss
- Excessive dandruff
- Genital herpes
Skin conditions are likely to affect children, adults, and the elderly alike. There are still some recognized risk factors, in particular:
- Sun exposure
- Genetic factors
What does a dermatologist do?
A dermatologist in Lehigh Valley PA is a specialist of the skin. He or she also deals with the pathologies of the nails, the scalp, the mucous membranes of the mouth and the genitals. To reach a diagnosis and treat each patient, the doctor will:
- Question the patient to know the nature of his or her troubles, including their date of appearance, their intensity, etc., and the person’s medical and family history
- Use multiple techniques and treatments, depending on the patient’s problem
- Perform a “dermoscopy,” which is a painless examination that allows deep visualization of the skin)
- Possibly provide cryotherapy (cold treatment) or phototherapy (treatment with light)
- Use dermatological lasers
- Complete skin biopsies, surgical excisions, or treatment of varicose veins
- Inject botulinum toxin
What are the risks?
A consultation with a dermatologist does not involve particular risks for the patient. In any case, it is the role of the doctor to clearly describe the issues, the possible difficulties, or even the dangers associated with the actions, examinations, and treatments that he or she will offer. Before going to your appointment with a dermatologist, it is important to take a copy of any prescriptions you take, including any x-rays or MRI’s done.
Weighing two to 23 pounds in adults, the skin is the heaviest organ of the human body. It is also the largest. Visit Kiritkotharimd.com to learn more.