FAQs About Head And Neck Cancer In Allentown, PA

by | Oct 19, 2016 | Health

In Pennsylvania, an ear, nose, and throat doctor provide screenings for cancers that affect these areas. Upon the discovery of a tumor or mass, the doctor must take tests to diagnose it properly. They provide treatment based on the progression of the disease and its type. The following FAQs provide details about these strategies used for Head And Neck Cancer in Allentown PA.

What Symptoms that Indicate Cancer?

The patient experiences swelling or the development of sores that don’t heal. White or red-colored patches are present inside the mouth. Mass is discovered inside the head or neck. Patients develop a constant sore throat and foul breath. They develop a raspy voice. They experience congestion or obstructions in the nasal cavity, and they develop persistent nose bleeds. They develop numbness, bloody phlegm, and sudden weight loss. Fatigue, double vision, and difficulty breathing may also occur.

How are These Diseases Diagnosed?

The doctor orders case-specific tests to diagnose the diseases. The standard tests that are used include MRIs, PET scans, and CT scans. These tests identify the exact location of a tumor and how far it has progressed. Blood tests are conducted to evaluate red and white blood cell counts. A biopsy is conducted to evaluate a mass that is discovered during previous tests. It determines if the mass is cancerous. An endoscopy is used to review cancers of the neck and throat.

How are These Diseases Treated?

The standard treatments for these conditions begin with the surgical removal of tumors and masses. Next, the doctor provides a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Chemotherapy is a treatment that introduces toxins into the body via IV-administration. Radiation therapy is direct exposure to radiation to reduce the size of tumors or masses.

What are the Risks Associated with Treatment?

All surgeries present the risk of infection and potential complications. The area in which the tumor is located defines these risks. Next, chemotherapy presents the risk of lung tissue damage, cardiovascular disease, kidney issues, nerve damage, and infertility. Radiation therapy risks include lymphedema, radiation fibrosis, rectal bleeding, and sexual dysfunction.

In Pennsylvania, an ENT offers services that act as the first line of defense against cancer. They provide annual screenings to detect the disease at an earlier stage. Patients that suspect that they have Head And Neck Cancer in Allentown PA visit us for more details today.

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